Huawei's 2015 annual report has recently become the focus of domestic hot debate. According to the annual report, Huawei's global sales revenue in 2015 was 395 billion yuan (US$60.8 billion), up 37% year-on-year; net profit was 36.9 billion yuan (US$5.7 billion), up 33% year-on-year; cash flow from operating activities reached 49.3 billion yuan. Renminbi.
According to the information released by the annual report, the new generation of information and communication technology (ICT) represented by cloud computing, Internet of Things, big data, mobile internet, etc. is developing rapidly, and has launched a new round of technological revolution and industry on a global scale. change. In the future, Huawei will carry out comprehensive scientific and technological innovation deployment in areas such as artificial intelligence and battery life, and strengthen its core competitiveness in the era of large connectivity.
However, the national annual report and Huawei's comprehensive deployment in the field of scientific and technological innovation did not make Ren Zhengfei feel optimistic. At the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference on May 30, Ren Zhengfei, founder and president of Huawei, said in his speech on "Innovation as the core competitiveness for the rejuvenation of the motherland for a hundred years of science and technology", Huawei "is gradually plunging into the industry. The district is in a dilemma where no one is piloted, there is no established rule, and no one is following. "There is a long way to go and no direction can be found."
Ren Zhengfei said that Huawei's current level still stays at the innovation level of engineering science, such as engineering teaching and physical algorithms, and has not really entered basic theoretical research. As the theory of Shannon's theorem and Moore's Law is gradually approached, and the theory of large flow and low delay has not yet been created, Huawei has felt that the future is bleak and cannot find a direction. Huawei has moved forward in trek. Major innovation is the survival rule of no-man's land. Without theoretical breakthroughs, no technological breakthroughs, and no large amount of technological accumulation, it is impossible to produce explosive innovation.
For a time, Huaweiâ€™s â€œconfusedâ€ argument flooded the Internet. However, looking at Huawei's technological layout and steady development over the years, there is basically no evidence to support this view.
Huawei's investment in technology innovation is obvious to all. According to statistics, since 2006, Huawei's R&D investment has accumulated more than 240 billion yuan (about 37 billion US dollars). In 2006, Huawei's R&D investment was only 6.8 billion yuan, and it has maintained a step-by-step growth every year since then. In 2014, it reached 40.8 billion yuan, and by 2015 it had reached 59.6 billion yuan (US$9.2 billion), a year-on-year increase of 46.1%. At the same time, Huawei has 16 global R&D centers around the world, with 77,000 R&D personnel, accounting for 45% of the company's total. This ratio is very high among technology companies.
At the same time, Huawei also established the 2012 laboratory, which includes Noah's Ark Laboratory, Goss Laboratories, and Shannon Laboratories. Among them, Noah's Ark Lab is mainly engaged in artificial intelligence learning - data mining research. The laboratory director is a professor at a local university in Hong Kong and employs researchers from the Mainland and other parts of the world to conduct basic research. Capture the historical opportunities of the big data era through artificial intelligence and data mining technologies.
This has enabled Huawei to achieve impressive results in major fields such as big data and artificial intelligence.
Huawei is already a leader in 5G innovation and an active contributor to industry construction. It was the first to release a variety of 5G new air interface technology, and last year in Chengdu, a large-scale 5G air interface new technology field verification, peak rate exceeded 3.6Gbps. Huawei has not only made breakthroughs in many technical fields, but also carried out thinking and research on 5G security, and launched a new concept of 5G security configuration.
In the field of artificial intelligence, Huawei continues to break through in deep learning, researching the industry's most advanced neural response machine (Neural RespondingMachine), releasing the industry's first deep-learning-based single-round dialogue generation model; inventing neural machine translation (NeuralMachine TranslaTIon) Technology, support for deep memory framework, and achieve industry-class machine translation capabilities.
To say that Huawei is confused, it is better to say that this is the performance of Ren Zhengfei's peace of mind. In March 2001, when Huawei's development momentum was very good, Ren Zhengfei published a "Huawei's Winter" in the company's internal magazine. This paper-backed article is not only a warning to Huawei, but also suitable for the entire industry. The subsequent burst of the Internet bubble made this article widely circulated, and "Winter" has since surpassed the season and became synonymous with the crisis.
After a lapse of 15 years, Huaweiâ€™s financial report has already been turned over several times. Ren Zhengfei once again delivered a "pessimistic" speech. What will we welcome next?
Some people say that in the next few decades, technological progress may reshape the entire social form, and the corresponding network facilities may also change dramatically. Ren Zhengfei calls it a digital flood and needs the Pacific pipeline. Huawei's response is to insist on investing in the main channel of the network, and the more technical prospects are lost, the more it is necessary to increase investment and not waver.
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