Smart homes are also called smart homes. In layman's terms, it is a networked, intelligent home control system that integrates automation control systems, computer network systems, and network communication technologies. The success of a residential community intelligence system is not only determined by the number of intelligent systems, the advancedness or integration of the system, but depends on whether the design and configuration of the system is economically reasonable and whether the system can operate successfully. Whether the use, management and maintenance are convenient, and whether the technology of the system or product is mature and applicable, in other words, how to use the least input and the most convenient way to achieve maximum efficiency and achieve a convenient and high-quality life. In order to achieve the above objectives, the following principles should be followed when designing a smart home system.
1) Practicality and convenience
The basic goal of smart home is to provide people with a comfortable, safe, convenient and efficient living environment. For smart home products, the most important thing is to use practicality as the core, to abandon those flashy, can only serve as furnishings features, products based on practicality, ease of use and human nature.
When designing a smart home system, the following practical and basic home control functions should be integrated according to the user's needs for smart home functions: including smart home appliance control, intelligent lighting control, electric curtain control, anti-theft alarm, access control intercom, and gas Leakage, etc., but also can be extended such as three-table copying, video on demand and other service value-added features. Many kinds of control methods for individualized intellectual disability are rich and varied, such as local control, remote control, centralized control, remote control of mobile phones, induction control, network control, and timing control, etc. The intention is to get people out of cumbersome affairs and improve efficiency. , if the operation process and program settings are too cumbersome, it is easy for users to have a repellent psychology. Therefore, in the design of smart home must fully consider the user experience, pay attention to the convenience of operation and intuitive, it is best to use the graphic and graphical control interface, so that the operation WYSIWYG.
2) System safety and reliability
The intelligent subsystems of the entire building should be able to operate 24 hours, and the safety, reliability and fault tolerance of the system must be highly valued. For each subsystem, corresponding and fault-tolerant measures are taken in the aspects of power supply and system backup to ensure the normal and safe use of the system. The quality and performance are good, and it has the ability to cope with various complex environmental changes.
3) System high scalability
The design of smart home system solutions should be carried out in accordance with the relevant national and regional standards to ensure the system's scalability and scalability. Standard TCP/IP network technology is used in system transmission to ensure that systems between different manufacturers can be compatible and interconnected. . The system's front-end devices are versatile, open, and extensible devices. For example, the system host, terminal and module adopt a standardized interface design to provide an integrated platform for external vendors of home intelligent systems, and their functions can be extended. When it is necessary to add functions, there is no need to excavate the pipe network, which is simple, reliable, and convenient to save. The systems and products chosen for the design will enable the system to interoperate with third-party controlled devices that will continue to evolve in the future.
4) System Convenience
Whether or not the cabling installation is simple is directly related to the issues of cost, scalability, and maintainability. It is necessary to select a system with a simple cabling system. It can be wired together with residential broadband during construction. It is simple and easy: the equipment is easy to learn, operate, and maintain. . The convenient design of the system in the installation and debugging of the project is also very important.
The family intelligentization has a prominent feature, that is, the workload of installation, debugging and maintenance is very large. It requires a lot of manpower and material resources to become a bottleneck restricting the development of the industry. To solve this problem, when designing the system, the convenience of installation and maintenance should be considered. For example, the system can be remotely debugged and maintained through the Internet. Through the network, not only the resident can realize the control function of the family intelligent system, but also allows the engineer to remotely check the working status of the system and diagnose the faults that occur in the system. In this way, system settings and version updates can be performed in different places, which greatly facilitates the application and maintenance of the system, improves response speed, and reduces maintenance costs.
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